The future of the printed book is the subject of a newly released white paper by ASU Library.
As part of a $50,000 planning grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation exploring the future of print, the analysis is aimed at fostering engagement with print resources among library users, particularly with open stack print collections and users within the local community.
"We advocate moving toward a more flexible, more user-focused service that makes library collections easier to understand and to use," write the authors.
"Our print collections have a long and glorious future ahead," write the authors. "We must work to create and curate open collections that make it easier for rising student generations, to become skilled and resourceful users of print."
Arizona State University has been awarded a $450,000 grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation for a three-year project designed to build and expand community-driven collections, in an effort to preserve and improve Arizona’s archives and give voice to historically marginalized communities.
Under the leadership of ASU Library Archivist Nancy Godoy and co-investigators, Dr. Sujey Vega and Lorrie McAllister, the project – titled “Engaging, Educating, and Empowering: Developing Community-Driven Archival Collections” – will implement Archives and Preservation Workshops and Digitization and Oral History Days as well as digitize and make publicly accessible existing archival collections from ASU Library’s Chicano/a Research Collection and Greater Arizona Collection.
“This generous grant from the Mellon Foundation will help ASU and ASU Library continue to build an atmosphere that educates and empowers individuals by promoting equal ownership of archives and shared stewardship responsibilities,” said Godoy, principal investigator. “Multiple perspectives and narratives are needed in order to get an accurate understanding of Arizona history. Marginalized communities have the right to preserve their own archives and should feel invested in ongoing efforts to preserve a more complete representation of local history.”
In 2012, the Arizona Archives Matrix Project, a statewide initiative to gather data about local archives, identified several historically marginalized communities in Arizona, including LGBT, Asian American, African American and the Latino community, which makes up 30 percent of Arizona’s population but is represented in less than 2 percent of known archival collections.
With the aim to address this inequity, the ASU project will build on Godoy’s previous work co-establishing the Arizona LGBT History Project and collaborating with ASU faculty members Dr. Vega and Dr. Vanessa Fonseca on an ASU School of Transborder Studies seed grant titled “Preserving Arizona’s Latina/o Presence: Community Based Workshops on Archival Preservation and K-12 Curriculum,” which implemented archives and preservation workshops statewide and helped to assess community needs and interests.
“Nancy Godoy’s work demonstrates the inclusive and socially embedded values of ASU, and is helping marginalized communities to recognize the value of their personal material,” said McAllister, Associate University Librarian for Collections and Strategy at ASU Library.
"This grant will enable the acquisition and growth of community-driven collections as well as introduce notions of intersectionality, as the library works to integrate these lived realities into our ‘collective memory’ – our shared history – of Arizona,” said Vega, Assistant Professor, School of Social Transformation.
Searching for materials at ASU Library is now a single-platform process, including requesting materials from outside the library, known as Interlibrary Loan – a supplemental service that should be used when the material needs of students, faculty and staff cannot be met with ASU Library resources.
Requests for materials that are not available through ASU Library are processed via the new One Search. Fueled by the Alma/Primo platform, ASU Library's new and improved search engine will automatically display an option to request materials from an external library when those materials are not owned by or available at ASU Library.
Users will then receive a notice that the item is ready for pickup once the item arrives at the specified circulation desk.
When requesting electronic delivery of documents (book chapters and articles), users will receive an email when their Document Delivery request has been filled.
Document Delivery requests that cannot be filled by ASU Library will be automatically sent to the user's ILLiad account for processing. The user will then receive notification from ILLiad and will access the PDF document from their ILLiad account once the file becomes available.
Historical treasures belonging to two Mexican-American families in the Phoenix area – the Hinojosa family and the Franco French family – are now part of ASU Library’s Chicano/a Research Collection.
“Everything [in their collections] is of historic importance because everything relates to the building of what we now call the Mexican community of Phoenix,” said Christine Marin, a former ASU archivist, who helped facilitate the archival donations.
ASU Library Archivist Nancy Godoy spent more than a year processing, preserving and making the donated items publicly available.
“Family collections, for me, personally, are very important because they tell so many different stories,” Godoy said. “So that’s priority for us, to make these collections accessible to the community.”
When students at Arizona State University enter the library this week, they will be greeted by an unusual sign: “Don’t read these books.”
The sign, directing students to a display of books that have been banned or challenged throughout history, is intended to mentally jolt — cue the record scratch — even the most distracted Sun Devils.
This is the tongue-in-cheek tradition of Banned Books Week, an annual, cautious celebration of books and our right to read them.
“Banned Books Week is probably one of the most important events in the literary profession,” said Ashley Gohr, a First Year Experience librarian with ASU Library. “It’s a week when librarians, publishers, teachers and writers help to educate our communities by inviting deeper conversations about censorship and the power of words and storytelling, especially for marginalized communities.”
ASU Library is looking to open up the event this year to an even larger audience through social media, book displays and other activities that encourage thinking around free speech and about books as a powerful technology.
Gohr says that although the practice of banning books is very serious and concerning, the ASU Library events this week will offer “small acts of creative defiance” that are not only educational but fun too.
Just last year, more than 300 challenges to books were recorded by the American Library Association (ALA), a figure which does not include all the censorship attempts made to films, exhibits, newspapers, magazines, broadcasts, plays and performances.
Famously banned books include “The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn” by Mark Twain (language, racism), “The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian” by Sherman Alexie (language, violence, sexual content), and “Their Eyes Were Watching God” by Zora Neale Hurston (sexual content).
Walt Whitman’s “Leaves of Grass” was once described as “filthy” by some mid-nineteenth century booksellers.
The impulse to censor, Gohr says, is a direct response to the inherent power ideas hold and the strength of books to spread them.
“Books are thought of as dangerous, and they are! They contain ideas and stories that can change minds and lives,” she says.
#WordsHavePower is the tagline for this year’s Banned Books Week, an ALA-sponsored event that ASU Library plans to highlight with increasing force each year.
Plans to grow the annual event include a speaker series, a reading flash mob and public readings of censored work on all of ASU’s campuses.
This year, Gohr and fellow ASU Library staffer Ashley Barckett have been busy pulling books from library shelves — “as many as we can fit,” they say — to include in the Hayden Library banned book display.
The ragtag collection includes such classics as “The Handmaid’s Tale” and “Beloved” and sits alongside a reading nook where the ASU community is encouraged to linger, interact and explore the books “in question.” Banned book displays will be featured at several other campus libraries as well.
Additionally, Gohr and Barckett have put together a banned book scavenger hunt and set up a button-making station in the Hayden Library mkrspace, for those #RebelReaders who want to wear their Toni Morrisons and Ralph Ellisons on their sleeve.
There will also be a poetry slam in Hayden Library (room C41) on Thursday at 7 p.m., hosted by Amnesty International.
“This is a great opportunity to celebrate the library as a place of access, discovery and inclusion — particularly at an institution like ASU,” said Barckett, a library information specialist. “Many of our international students come from countries that have different views on censorship, and books are still challenged and banned regularly in the U.S. This event is as relevant as ever.”
Barckett and Gohr say they will be wearing buttons and T-shirts throughout the week that signify banned authors and books, such as “The Autobiography of Malcolm X” and the book-burning “Fahrenheit 451,” which, Gohr says, might be the most ironic banned book of all.
What are some of the books that have influenced your growth and development, or challenged you to think in new ways?
'Required Reading' is an open stack community curation project to feature the stories of ASU students and encourage new interactions with library collections.
Send us your top 10-20 list of meaningful books and tell us why they are significant. If your collection is selected as a winner, ASU Library will acquire all the titles you listed and showcase the collection at one of our libraries.
Please submit a written statement for your collection (250-500 words) and select one of the four categories below that best describes it:
Books that make you YOU at ASU
The Sun Devil must-read books for a better future
Freshman Challenge: 21 books for the Class of 2021
Arizona State University aims to position public libraries as key facilitators of citizen science, a collaborative process between scientists and the general public to spur the collection of data.
Through a new grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS), researchers from the School for the Future of Innovation in Society and ASU Library will develop field-tested, replicable resource toolkits for public libraries to provide to everyday people contributing to real research, from right where they are.
Despite growing interest from public libraries to incorporate citizen science programming into their role as go-to community hubs, Dan Stanton, associate librarian for academic services at ASU Library, says there are no documented road maps, best practices or models to follow.
“Our project team is well equipped to address this need, as there is substantial expertise in the area of citizen science here at ASU,” said Stanton, co-investigator on the grant.
Led by Darlene Cavalier, a professor of practice in the School for the Future of Innovation in Society, the grant brings together an interdisciplinary team of faculty and librarians to build on previous work around citizen science – a practice rapidly gaining in popularity, particularly at ASU.
In 2016, ASU hosted the Citizen Science Maker Summit, organized by Cavalier, who is also the founder of SciStarter, an online platform and ASU research affiliate, where more than 1,600 citizen science projects are registered online and open for support and participation. The projects include everything from observing or recording natural phenomena to developing software or instrumentation.
Cavalier also serves on the National Academy of Sciences committee on citizen science and is the co-founder of the Expert and Citizen Assessment of Science and Technology (ECAST) network.
“We know from previous research that too frequently the lack of access to low-cost instruments, coupled with an unmet desire to feel part of a community, creates a barrier to entry for would-be citizen scientists,” said Cavalier. “We are grateful to IMLS for supporting our effort to understand how the characteristics and capacities of librarians, their local communities and the scientists who need help from those communities can be supported through public libraries.”
As part of the grant, ASU will partner with six Arizona public libraries representing a mix of urban and rural and youth and senior populations.
The toolkits that will be developed for the libraries will offer multiple entry points that acknowledge varying library capacities and diversity of patrons.
Risa Robinson, coordinator of the grant and the assistant director of learning services at ASU Library, says libraries are ideal conduits for citizen science.
“Citizen science represents the kind of low-cost but impactful programming public libraries have always provided,” she said.
“With the increasing demand for science literacy, the growing interest in citizen science and the library’s strong community anchor, this partnership makes sense.”
An online help service provided by ASU Library just got a big boost this semester.
Known as Ask a Librarian, ASU Library’s online chat is now fully equipped to connect students, faculty and staff at Arizona State University exclusively to ASU librarians.
The direct, digital connection to library professionals within the university is just one of many new library efforts to improve its quality of services for the ASU community.
“When you get help from a local expert, it makes a huge difference in the quality of information you’re receiving,” said Jennifer Duvernay, Associate University Librarian for Communication and Organizational Success. “I’m happy to report that ASU Library’s online assistance through Ask a Librarian is now 100 percent locally sourced.”
Reflective of its newly improved quality, Ask a Librarian is now operating within regular business hours from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday through Friday. However, all questions that come through the online chat service after business hours will be converted to an email that Duvernay says will be answered as quickly as possible – again, solely by ASU librarians.
Students, faculty and staff looking for help after hours can also browse Ask a Librarian FAQs – a compiled list of answers to the most popular and recent questions, such as library hours, how to request materials and how to use online resources.
“ASU is a big place,” says Duvernay. “Our job at the library is to make sure you get the highest level of support you need to succeed while you’re here.”
A new academic year is the perfect time to hit ‘refresh’ – and ASU Library has done just that with some of its services. To help get you oriented, here’s a helpful list of what’s new, what’s different and what you won’t want to miss.
New search: The new ASU Library One Search has been implemented to enhance and expand library services. While we are experiencing some early-implementation issues that are currently being addressed, we can guarantee that over time the new system will dramatically improve the online user experience through better browsing, sharing and customization of materials.
New mkrservices location: Now on the lower concourse of Hayden Library, mkrservices has a more convenient location for ASU makers. Come stop by and say hello!
Requesting materials: Getting the materials you need just got easier. Even if an item is checked out, you can still request it. All requests for checked-out items will automatically generate an Interlibrary Loan, and there will be no recall for the checked-out item.
More direct assistance: Have a quick question or need help from a librarian? The ASU community now has direct, online access to ASU librarians through the library’s online chat service called Ask a Librarian. While the hours have changed to regular business hours – 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday through Friday – the quality of service has been enhanced to ensure that all requests for assistance are answered promptly by a librarian or information professional within ASU Library. Online chat questions that come in after hours will be converted to an email that will be answered as quickly as possible.
Longer checkouts: Faculty, staff and graduate students can now check out materials for 365 days. Undergraduate students may check out materials for 90 days and community members for 30.
Automatic renewals: Materials for students, faculty and staff will now be renewed automatically.
Community cards: Purchasing a community card allows the public to check out up to 25 items with a loan period of 90 days.
Please see our library policies page for additional service changes and updates.
Research is a journey, and librarians hold the keys.
Whether you're studying for an exam, writing a paper or working on a research project, getting help from ASU Library can save you time, connect you with quality resources and get you a better grade.
Think of librarians as personal research trainers – they are here to support and coach you, so that you learn how to find exactly the information you need, efficiently.
Here are five ways to get help from ASU Library:
1. Talk with a Librarian. Feeling overwhelmed and not sure where to start? Call, email or schedule a visit with a subject librarian. ASU Library has over 30 of them, and they are all experts in their fields. Specializing in everything from anthropology to visual literacy, subject librarians offer personalized, high-quality, one-on-one research support.
2.Ask a Librarian. Need help with a citation, or have a quick question? Don't panic. Help is just one click away – literally. Ask a Librarian is an online chat service that connects ASU students quickly and seamlessly to quality research assistance. Not automated in any way, ASU Library’s chat service provides live, online support from real library professionals.
3. Explore the Library Guides. Created by ASU subject librarians, the Library Guides offer curated links that can connect you with the best, most up-to-date information related to your subject or topic. These guides are an excellent way to help you get started with your research and can save you time.
4. Do an Online Tutorial. Think of ASU Library’s Online Tutorials as a general user manual on how to cite sources, find articles and use online research databases. These tutorials are a great way to learn citation styles (MLA, APA) or learn how to develop a research question.
5. Ask the Information Desk. Sometimes you just need to talk to someone. If you’re feeling lost, visit any of ASU’s nine library facilities and ask someone at the ASU Library Information Desk. They will be more than happy to point you in the right direction. All you have to do is ask!
Journey on, young grasshopper – and remember, ASU librarians are here to support and guide your success.
The work of visual and sound recording artist Tony Obr and the poetry of Tanner Menard will be featured in a First Friday event, to take place from 6-9 p.m., Sept. 1, at the Downtown Phoenix campus Library.
Obr is a friendly face at the Downtown Library, where he has worked since graduating from ASU’s Herberger School with a bachelor’s in fine arts and digital art, which is on exhibit through the end of the Fall 2017 semester in the library’s Vault Gallery.
“A continual investigation lies at the heart of my creative practice,” Obr explains. “An exploration that leads to refinement, the precision distilled from this process that then leads to more exploration. Continual inquiry, questions that lead to more questions, all this drives a creative evolution.
“The process of discovery is more important than the discovery itself, and a truth is revealed through this process. The images in this collection reveal truth through patterns. Patterns observed in both the natural and constructed domains. Patterns of form, but also dynamically evolving patterns of movement and growth. Cloud formations, flocking behavior, rivulet movement, shell growth, as well as imagined cityscapes, urban design and impossible architecture.
“The images here are all algorithmically generated digital patterns that surround us. The work here suggests a study of the dynamic continuum between symmetry and asymmetry that is influenced by an underlying logic. Even within the complex and the asymmetrical there exists patterns beyond the scope of what we can immediately perceive.”
Obr is a musician, sound designer, composer and educator as well as an artist. He often works at the confluence of art, technology and performance, focusing on innovative uses of sound in musical and non-musical contexts.
Obr’s work frequently centers on the development of interactive systems for electronic music performance, dance performance and art installation. He plays live electronics and woodwinds in the performance art, experimental noise and free-improve ensemble Datura. He also plays with saxophonist Keith Kelly in their duo Slender Loris. Since 2013 he has worked as chief sound designer, and has developed interactive sound systems for Grisha Coleman’s echo::system.
As an educator, Obr has taught electronic music and sound design courses at Paradise Community College since 2014. As a composer, he works under the moniker of tsone. His compositions can be characterized as ranging from warm, gauzy, electronic detritus to blasts of impenetrable walls of sound.
Obr’s work has been released on a number of international recording labels, including: Home Normal, txt recordings, Tessellate Recordings, Stereoscenic, Tsuku-Boshi, Audiotalaia, Dark Era Tapes, and Pocket Fields.
Menard, whom Obr met when he was a composer in residence at ASU, is a poet and composer whose current work embodies his mestizo Indigenous and French lineage. Poems are his method of survival, a linguistic medicine of ambiguity which is certain that love prevails. His poetry is the DNA of his queer hybridity, a double helix of gender and identity.
As a composer of experimental music, Menard has been published and anthologized in the US, Canada, Europe and Japan on labels and netlabels such as Full Spectrum Records, Rural Colours, Tokyo Droning, Install, Slow Flow Rec, H.L.M., Archaic Horizon, Kafua Records and Milieu Music. Menard's poetry has been published in The Squawkback and Rabbit and Rose online journals. He currently serves the Snake Band Tribal Councilman for the Atakapa-Ishak Nation of Southwest Louisiana and Southeast Texas.
All of Obr’s work on exhibit is for sale as limited edition series of 20 archival pigment prints. For inquiries, please send an email to: email@example.com, or visit tonyobr.net
Many of the images are stills taken from animations. Scanning the QR codes next to the prints in the gallery will take you to a video of an animation associated with it.
The event will be Friday, Sept. 1, from 6-9 pm in the lower level of the University Center building, 411 N. Central Ave, on the Downtown Phoenix campus of Arizona State University.
Thousands of high-quality archival photographs and documents about the early history of the Grand Canyon will be made accessible to the public over the next two years through a new library project called "One Hundred Years of Grand."
The project comes just in time to mark the Grand Canyon National Park centennial on Feb. 26, 2019.
University Archivist Rob Spindler said the project, which was recently awarded funding from the Library Services and Technology Act, not only holds significance to state historians but to the more than 280 million people who visit national parks each year, in addition to Arizona businesses and educators.
"Visitors to the park will enhance their experience by exploring historical details of early park history, students and teachers will illustrate class lectures and create assignments on Grand Canyon history, and Arizona businesses that rely on Grand Canyon tourism will use these materials in their advertisement and marketing efforts," said Spindler.
The project, endorsed by the Arizona Office of Tourism, is a collaboration between ASU Library, Northern Arizona University (NAU) Special Collections and Archives and the Grand Canyon Museum, National Park Service.
High-quality digital materials will be presented and delivered via online repositories, such as the ASU Digital Repository and NAU's Colorado Plateau Digital Archives.
"Community members will benefit because they will be able to acquire and reuse archives, enhance their tourism experience with historical context, learn about balancing public and commercial uses of public lands, and celebrate the Grand Canyon National Park centennial with creative uses of historical materials," said Spindler.
The Grand Canyon project is supported by the Arizona State Library, Archives & Public Records, a division of the Secretary of State, with federal funds from the Institute of Museum and Library Services.
The new ASU Library One Search is part of an upgraded library service platform (LSP) intended to enhance and expand the online user experience.
Supporting ASU’s commitment to innovation and accessibility, the new platform enables ASU Library to continuously refresh and unveil new digital tools and services that will allow the ASU community to search, browse, share and customize materials in increasingly robust and intuitive ways.
Look for the changes to be in effect mid July, 2017.
The main search/discovery page will be available at lib.asu.edu as well as through My ASU and Blackboard.
If it weren’t for a lack of electricity and inadequate bathroom facilities at the John Doscher Country School of Photography, Henry Stevens, Operations Supervisor at ASU Library, might have spent the last 44 years of his life in Woodstock, Vermont.
It was there, roughly 2,500 miles from Arizona State University, and the library job he’d left behind, that he discovered the greener pastures he’d been looking for, on the other side of the country, were not so green after all.
He’d been offered a job at the photography school, but the living quarters were not exactly ideal.
“I would have had to walk a quarter mile in the snow each morning to take a shower,” recalls Stevens.
He also discovered that he missed ASU and, most of all, working in the library.
So, he called up his old boss.
“Ed Danaher. He was the associate head librarian at the time, nice guy,” Stevens said. “He was gracious enough to accept me back without hesitation, and for that I owe a great deal to him.”
It was the summer of 1973, and neither Danaher nor Stevens could have known the decisive nature of that phone call – it was truly the beginning of a fruitful career, one that would span more than four decades and several hundred thousand interactions with ASU students and faculty, in addition to a number of lifelong friendships.
This month, when Stevens retires from his role at ASU Library, he says what he’ll miss most are the patrons, the students and the faculty; learning something new each day from his colleagues and the books he encounters; and being part of a university community that has made coming to work so gratifying he’s rarely missed a day.
‘If you were to open my arm, it would bleed maroon and gold.’
You’d be hard-pressed to find a bigger cheerleader than Stevens when it comes to student and faculty success at ASU.
“It’s been a blast watching some of these students, from freshman year to graduation, going from unfocused individuals to taking a degree, maybe even the first in their family,” Stevens says. “It brings me enormous joy, and is a very gratifying aspect of working at the circulation desk.”
Stevens’ enthusiasm for ASU goes beyond the library and into the arenas and the stadiums, where he’s watched countless ASU sporting events, supporting both men’s and women’s teams, at home or away.
“If you were to open my arm, it would bleed maroon and gold,” he says.
He may have even rushed the field once.
While Stevens’ love of all things Sun Devils began in the late 1960s, his love of sport was there from the beginning, during his childhood years spent in Philadelphia, where he was surrounded by winning professional teams and neighborhood kids who also played sports, just as he did, and until very recently, continued to do so.
Holly Kruper, Senior Library Information Specialist in Access Services, says she and Stevens, for a number of years, played on the same softball team in an intramural ASU league, in which Kruper was catcher and Stevens was pitcher.
“Henry and I used to play tennis, too, here at ASU, in the wee early morning hours,” says Kruper. “This was when they had the tennis courts by the SRC.”
Kruper has also enjoyed attending football games with Stevens and her husband, David: “It’s fun to hear Henry cheer for his favorite, Sun Devil Football,” she says.
Every once in a while, Stevens says he’s fortunate to be on the receiving end of the cheering – for example, when he’s helping faculty who are in the process of writing a book or a journal article.
“They sense that you understand what they’re doing and that you’re helping them along,” he says. “We don’t get pats on the back that often, but sometimes faculty will acknowledge your help in their book, and it’s truly a feather in your cap.”
Another perk of the job has been working with international students.
“It’s almost as if I’ve traveled vicariously through them and have a far better understanding of their culture, where they’re coming from – it’s part of what makes my job so enjoyable,” he says. “I wonder at times if I need to travel internationally because I feel like I’ve been there already.”
‘He’s been the captain to our ship’
It’s obvious the void Stevens will be leaving behind next week when he officially retires.
“He’s been like the captain to our ship,” says Maura Pollock-Moneyhon, Manager of Access Services, “taking command of the library at 5 p.m. when most of us went home, and safely navigating it until 1 a.m. when he handed the controls over to the overnight crew. He and his crew kept the library safe and sound regardless of the ‘weather’ or the condition of the ‘ship’. We never had to worry, he was always here and had everything under control.”
Libby Anderson, Operations Supervisor, says she will miss Stevens’ unique brand of kindness, generosity and thoughtfulness – and birthday hugs.
“Thank you for being such a kind and caring buddy to me these past 35 years,” she says.
Stevens may be leaving the library, but he won’t be too far away.
“My plans are to remain in Tempe,” says Stevens, who has not owned a car in more than 40 years and enjoys getting around town on his Schwinn cruiser bike.
He says he will be watching the ongoing evolution of ASU Library with considerable interest, particularly the remodel of Hayden, and will never stop going to Sun Devil games. (He is a season ticket holder after all.)
Photography, which has always been a hobby for him, will take more of a front seat now: “My camera loves Japanese Friendship Gardens,” he says.
He also plans to take in more movies; Harkins Valley Art in downtown Tempe is among his favorite venues.
“Henry and I have a shared interest in films, and I always enjoyed and appreciated his reviews and recommendations, especially as he often saw many smaller films with limited release at venues like Camelview and Valley Art,” says Edward Weidle, Operations Supervisor at the library. “I expect that I will run into him one of these times at the local downtown Tempe movie house, and I look forward to that.”
And while he’s had the luxury of living vicariously through the many international students he’s worked with at ASU, he does have some travel plans of his own, including but not limited to: seeing a soccer match in Wembley Stadium, eating sushi with Anthony Bourdain in Japan, sampling beer in Brussels, and listening to the sound of bagpipes played in Scotland.
But Tempe will always be home.
“This is home for me,” he says. “I’ve been very fortunate to live here in Arizona and work in library public service at ASU. It’s been a beautiful run.”
Public access to information is at the heart of a new policy at Arizona State University, the ASU Open Access Policy, which was passed by the University Senate and approved May 3 by University Provost Mark Searle.
The new policy, developed by the University Senate Open Access Task Force, aims to make it easier for ASU faculty and researchers to make their scholarly work more widely available and with fewer restrictions, and is in line with the university’s charter.
Open access refers to peer-reviewed research that is made accessible to the public at no cost to the user — eliminating traditional copyright restrictions that many argue impede knowledge dissemination.
“ASU is committed to a fundamental principle of accessibility,” the motion statement reads. “This principle of accessibility includes open access to the knowledge generated and created by faculty members here at the university. Open Access to the scholarly works produced by ASU faculty members will allow individuals in Arizona, in the United States, and internationally to read journal articles freely and without the need for subscriptions or payment, thus disseminating this knowledge well beyond the typical audience.”
The need for open access
More than 70 universities in the United States, including Harvard, Duke and the University of California system, have adopted open access policies, part of a growing movement that is rapidly transforming the traditional model of scholarly publishing.
Many argue that making scientific data open and accessible carries major benefits for researchers and the public worldwide.
Just last year, ASU scientists were able to demonstrate how to quickly, cheaply and accurately diagnose the Zika virus in remote locations around the world through their research that was made available free online.
Open access articles are also read and cited at a higher rate than those published in traditional journals charging an access or subscription fee.
“One of the reasons we have open access policies is that it’s now a required condition of funding,” said Anali Perry, the scholarly communication librarian at ASU Library. “Many funding organizations — the NIH, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation — now mandate open access for research they are supporting. In other words, they want the results of the research they’re funding to be openly available to anyone in the world.”
Perry says open access makes sense for everyone, but particularly for ASU.
“With our focus on access, impact and social justice, this policy really reflects our ASU values and is one way of advancing our philanthropic goals and demonstrating return on investment,” Perry said. “The latest health research coming out of ASU could very well help a doctor in Cambodia, who might not be able to pay $50 per article to make a better medical decision for a patient.”
How the policy works
The open access policy at ASU is like no other — what Perry describes as a “hybrid policy.”
This means that while all ASU faculty and researchers are supported by the policy and encouraged to make their work openly accessible, they have the right to choose to comply with the policy if open access is not a condition of funding.
“If you are funded by an agency that has an open access requirement, like the NIH, you are automatically covered by this policy, meaning you immediately grant ASU permission to make the research publicly available in the appropriate repository, such as PubMed Central, as well as the ASU Digital Repository,” Perry said. “If you’re not required by a funding organization to make your work available, then you have the option to grant this open access license to ASU on a case-by-case basis.”
Perry said the new ASU policy gives faculty the right to archive, at the very least, the final accepted manuscript of their journal articles in the ASU Digital Repository, the online platform managed by ASU Library to archive and share the university’s scholarship.
“The University Senate is proud to support open access as part of ASU’s fundamental commitment to the discovery and application of new knowledge to local, regional, national and global concerns,” said Arnold Maltz, an associate professor in the W. P. Carey School of Business, who is the incoming University Senate president. “Our members look forward to taking advantage of this policy to continue to make a positive difference in communities throughout the world.”
Where to get help
ASU Library will be working with Knowledge Enterprise Development and the Office of the Provost to help streamline processes in an effort to make open access an easy and attractive option for ASU researchers.
“At the library, we can work with faculty to help them identify what publishers make complying with open access policies easy and painless, and help them understand their publication agreements and self-archiving rights and options,” Perry said. “We can help faculty archive their work and ensure compliance with both the ASU policy and their funding agency requirements.”
For questions about the new open access policy, view the Open Access Task Force’s FAQs, email Anali Perry and visit her scholarly communication library guide.
While studying abroad in Chile her junior year, Chloe Warpinski started thinking about water in a new way.
“I was studying in a water-scarce area of Chile, where we had to use a single bucket of water to shower and had to boil water before drinking it,” said the ASU Barrett Honors College senior.
However difficult, the experience compelled her to enroll in the ASU course “Poverty, Social Justice and Global Health,” which focused on water as a basic human right and the challenges that vulnerable populations often face in accessing it.
The course became the starting point for Warpinski’s senior honors thesis – mapping the city’s water pathways and social service infrastructure to address water accessibility in Phoenix for people experiencing homelessness.
When Warpinski graduates this month with a bachelor’s degree in global health, she will leave behind a valuable resource for Phoenix social service providers and those who rely on them – a project that epitomizes ASU’s emphasis on innovation, social embeddedness and use-inspired research.
Water, water – not everywhere
While many people are familiar with the term “food desert,” less is known about water scarcity.
“Historically, there’s been a lot of focus on food and ‘food deserts,’ and that’s because only until recently, water has typically been a community resource rather than a commodity,” said Warpinski, who began laying the groundwork for her thesis last fall by studying the ways homeless people in the Phoenix metro area access water.
What emerged was a problem of distribution, especially during the hot summer months when daily temperatures rise above 100 degrees Fahrenheit and lead to greater demand for water – putting vulnerable communities at greater risk and overwhelming homeless support service providers who are unable to keep up with the demand.
“In Phoenix during the summer, a person who is homeless can only travel about a half-mile radius due to the extreme heat,” said Warpinski, explaining that while some of the city’s service providers become overwhelmed, others are underused – indicating a need for greater awareness and coordination.
The power of geospatial data
A student worker at ASU Library, Warpinski felt at home using library resources and so enlisted the help of Mary Whelan, a geospatial and research data specialist at ASU Library, to help her design, from the ground up, a map of Phoenix and its social service infrastructure.
“Chloe’s work makes a great contribution and in many ways illustrates the power of GIS (geospatial information systems) to help people visualize inequality. She also is part of a new generation of students for whom the library is not just books on a shelf, but a space for active, engaged learning opportunities with access to new technologies (GIS, makerspaces) and support from experienced, knowledgeable library personnel,” said Whelan, who helped Warpinski use the GIS mapping tools she needed to conduct her research – resources available through the ASU Library Map and Geospatial Hub.
Leveraging map, data and technology resources, as well as technical expertise, the Map and Geospatial Hub is exactly that – an all-inclusive library hub servicing the geospatial research and learning needs of the ASU and broader Phoenix communities.
“Our model is pretty simple,” said Matt Toro, director of the Map and Geospatial Hub. “We make thousands of maps, aerial photographs and geospatial datasets available; provide training and consultation so that people can extract meaningful information and add value to those resources; and then conduct or facilitate projects that can have an impact on the spaces that were mapped and analyzed.”
According to Toro, Warpinski’s research serves as an excellent example of how to apply geospatial technologies to better understand and bring attention to a pressing socio-environmental issue such as water scarcity.
“Maps, and the geographic stories they tell through data, can be powerful tools for informing community development policies,” Toro said.
A lasting legacy
Warpinski says she hopes her geographic model of Phoenix can improve infrastructure for support providers as well as alleviate the burdens of homelessness.
“The map I’ve created does a few things. It can be used to predict the movement of homeless populations at various times of year by locating refuges and resources – places where people can get water, food and shelter,” said Warpinski. “It can also assist social service providers in showing how to create greater infrastructure systems and provide and manage them more effectively.”
It’s difficult for the public to get this kind of data, Warpinski said, so she’s hoping her map can be updated each year at ASU Library and distributed freely – a lasting effort to inform and educate about the need for better access to resources that are necessary for human survival.
After graduation, Warpinski plans to travel to the Slovak Republic, where she will live for a year and teach English as part of a Fulbright Scholarship – an appropriate ending to an undergraduate career punctuated by service.
“What I love about ASU and the library, in particular, is that it’s truly the pinnacle of accessibility and impact,” said Warpinski. “It’s the place where you go to think differently, to find new ways to solve problems and make real change.”
Do you have an old book, vintage letter or a 1980s Star Wars movie poster at home that you want to properly preserve?
ASU Conservator Suzy Morgan carries out this work every day in the ASU Library conservation lab, where she performs in-house treatments and repairs for the library’s circulating collections and many special collections, including the Star Wars collection and the Chicano/a Research Collection.
Morgan will be leading tours of the conservation lab, April 24-25, as part of Preservation Week – a global celebration of a key library function.
For many who take the tour, it will be an introduction into the work of preserving knowledge, both artifactual and textual.
“A conservator has to have a good grasp of not just art, but also science, history and a high level of manual dexterity,” Morgan says. “The best and most challenging part of my work is the problem-solving skills that are required. Each item that comes into the lab has its own unique combination of preservation issues. There is no ‘one size fits all’ approach – each item gets a customized treatment from me and my staff.”
It’s estimated that some 630 million items in collecting institutions such as libraries require immediate attention and care; therefore, the goal of Preservation Week is to raise awareness about the urgency of preservation, why it’s needed and what you can do, individually and as a community, to preserve both shared and personal collections.
During Preservation Week, Morgan will demonstrate how she and her highly trained staff work to repair, revive and bolster vulnerable materials, such as old books, documents and artifacts – ensuring their sustainability for generations to come.
“Our goal is to return the repaired material to our patrons and to specialized library collections as quickly as possible, using the highest quality materials and techniques possible,” Morgan writes.
ASU Library’s Preservation Department was founded in 1987 under the direction of Sharlane Grant, and is located on the first floor of Hayden Library. For more information on preservation services at ASU Library, visit https://lib.asu.edu/preservation
Group tours of the ASU Library conservation lab will be approximately 45 minutes in length and are scheduled for 1 p.m., Monday, April 24, and 10 a.m., Tuesday, April 25.
Sign up here for the tour of the ASU Library conservation lab during Preservation Week. RSVP is required.
For its groundbreaking work into the composition and structure of the Lakota oral narrative tradition, George Sword’s Warrior Narratives: Compositional Processes in Lakota Oral Tradition (University of Nebraska Press, 2016) has been selected as this year’s winner of the Labriola Center American Indian National Book Award.
The book’s winning author, Delphine Red Shirt is a professor of Native American Studies at Stanford University. In her book, she offers a promising, new examination of Lakota literature and the origins of formulaic patterns inherent in the Lakota language – opening up further research for literary studies, anthropological and traditional linguistics and translation studies.
“Dr. Red Shirt’s work distinguished itself among an impressive field of Indigenous scholars nominated for this year's award,” wrote Dr. David Martinez, the chair of the judging committee and an associate professor of American Indian Studies at ASU.
Earning the distinction of “Honorable Mention” was a book written by William J. Bauer, Jr. – California Through Native Eyes: Reclaiming History. The book made a profound and thought-provoking impact on the judging committee, Martinez said.
Past winners include:
2015 Dr. Sarah Deer, Professor of Law at Mitchell Hamline School of Law for The Beginning and End of Rape: Confronting Sexual Violence in Native America.
2014 Dr. Brenda Child, associate Professor of American Studies and America Indian Studies at University of Minnesota for My Grandfather's Knocking Sticks: Ojibwe Family Life and labor on the Reservation.
2013 Dr. Andrew Graybill, associate professor of history at Southern Methodist University for The Red and the White: A Family Saga of the American West
Dedicated in 1993, the Labriola National American Indian Data Center in the ASU Library is one of the only repositories within a public university library devoted to American Indian collections. The Labriola Center holds both primary and secondary sources on American Indians across North America.
The center's primary purpose is to promote a better understanding of American Indian language, culture, social, political and economic issues.
Books submitted for consideration for the Labriola Center American Indian National Book Award may cross multiple disciplines or fields of study, but must focus on topics and issues that are pertinent to Indigenous peoples and nations. Of particular interest are those works written by Indigenous scholars or in which Indigenous persons played a significant role in the creation of the nominated work.
In an effort to better connect the ASU community to the information resources and digital tools they need, ASU Library is implementing a newly integrated library service platform (LSP) that will enhance and expand library services and operational workflows university-wide.
Supporting ASU’s commitment to innovation and accessibility, the new system will enable ASU Library to continuously refresh and unveil new digital tools that will allow students and faculty to search, browse, share and customize materials in increasingly robust and intuitive ways.
Additionally, the platform will support broader integration of information resources through its alignment with the University of Arizona (UA) and Northern Arizona University (NAU), part of a tri-university LSP collaboration to ensure greater fiscal responsibility and operational efficiency.
Implementation of the new platform is currently underway at ASU and NAU, and UA plans to implement the new system in July 2018.
Beginning June 27, the ASU community can expect to see a series of updates, as part of a phased system rollout, to improve the user experience of online services such as the library catalog and Blackboard.
The platform was selected following an extensive evaluation process that sought the best available technology and library management solution for supporting university research and knowledge-building needs.